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HIV, Violence Against Women and Trauma Fact Sheet
Count Us in the Right to Live a Life Free From Violence

December 2012

We, as women living with HIV, envision a life free from violence, coercion, and discrimination for all people.  We, as women living with HIV, demand an end to the many different forms of violence faced by all women, including physical, emotional, psychological, religious, sexual, institutional, and economic violence, and the trauma that violence leaves in its wake.

It is unacceptable that in the United States today, violence and trauma continue to increase a woman's susceptibility to acquiring HIV, that violence and trauma lead to poorer health outcomes including death for women living with HIV, and that violence and trauma widen gender inequalities especially for women of color, young women, women who are poor, and transgender women.


Violence faced by women living with HIV is experienced at the individual, community and institutional level.

The leadership of women living with HIV must be prioritized in planning and decision-making bodies. Below are our solutions and recommendations to address violence and trauma:

Federal Leadership:

Service Integration:


  1. Machtinger, EL, Wilson, TC, Haberer, JE, Weiss, DS (2012). Psychological Trauma and PTSD in HIV-Positive Women: A Meta-Analysis. AIDS and Behavior, 16, 2091-2100.
  2. Machtinger, EL, Haberer, JE, Wilson, TC, Weiss, DS (2012). Recent Trauma is Associated with Antiretroviral Failure and HIV Transmission Risk Behavior Among HIV-Positive Women and Female-Identified Transgenders. AIDS and Behavior, 16, 2160-2170.
  3. Institute of Medecine. (2011). Clinical Preventive Services for Women: Closing the Gaps. Washington, D.C.: Committee on Preventive Services for Women and Board of Population Health and Public Health Practice.
  4. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). (2011). Women's Preventive Services: Required Health Plan Coverage Guidelines. Retrieved from

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