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U.S. News

Stopping the Spread of HIV Among U.S. Latinos

October 15, 2012

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a new study in observance of National Latino AIDS Awareness Day on October 15. Published in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, the study, titled "Geographic Differences in HIV Infection Among Hispanics or Latinos -- 46 States and Puerto Rico, 2010," examined the characteristics of Hispanics or Latinos who were diagnosed with HIV in 2010 and the geographic distribution of HIV in Puerto Rico and the 46 states with long-term name-based HIV reporting.

The report found that HIV continues to be a serious health threat to Latinos throughout the United States, as the rate of new infections among Hispanics is three times higher than that for whites (26.4 versus 9.1 per 100,000). The report also emphasized significant regional differences in the Latino epidemic: Latinos in the Northeast United States had the highest HIV diagnosis rates in the nation and were more likely than those in other regions to be infected through injection drug use, whereas Latinos in the South had the highest number of new diagnoses and were more likely than those in the Northeast to be infected through contact with men who have sex with men (MSM). Report data showed that Latino gay and bisexual men are by far most affected, accounting for more than 80 percent of all infections among Latino men. Furthermore, Latinas (Hispanic women) also are severely impacted -- with rates of new HIV infections four times that of white women.

Federal and community-based programs are fighting HIV in Latinos. The federal program, the National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS), calls for prioritizing U.S. HIV efforts on highly impacted populations, including Latinos. At the community level, CDC is reaching Latinos through a three-year demonstration project in 12 U.S. cities with the highest HIV burden. Also, CDC has funded 34 community-based organizations (CBOs) to expand prevention among young MSM and young transgendered persons of color; 18 of the 34 CBOs reach out specifically to Hispanic MSM. CDC has also expanded the Act Against AIDS Leadership Initiative to include national Latino organizations that work extensively with larger Latino communities. There is no single solution to the epidemic among Latinos, and the work must occur on all levels -- national, state, community, and individual.

Back to other news for October 2012

Adapted from:
blog.AIDS.gov
10.11.2012; Kevin Fenton, M.D., Ph.D., F.F.P.H., Director, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, CDC


This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.
 
See Also
HIV & Me: A Guide to Living With HIV for Hispanics
The Body en Español
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
More on HIV Awareness and Prevention in the U.S. Latino Community

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