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HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
Kai Chandler Lois Crenshaw Gary Paul Wright Fortunata Kasege Keith Green Lois Bates Greg Braxton Vanessa Austin Bernard Jackson

How to Create an AIDS-Free Generation of Black Youth

August 28, 2012

How to Create an AIDS-Free Generation of Black Youth.

As we work to achieve an AIDS-free generation, advocating for young people must be central to our work -- a subject that we need to place top of mind during this back-to-school season.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), people under age 30 represent approximately four of every 10 new HIV infections each year. While the risk of HIV is elevated for all Black adolescents and young adults, young Black gay and bisexual males live in the bull's eye of the virus. The rate of new HIV infections among Black MSM ages 30 and younger skyrocketed by 48 percent between 2006 and 2009.

HIV's spread among Black teens and twenty-somethings of all sexual orientations has been fueled in part by because our society has failed to provide them with adequate education about their sexual health. Too few adolescents obtain the information about safe sex and STDs, including HIV, that they need because their states or communities will not fund sex education or require that abstinence-only -- which has been proven not to work -- be taught.

We should be ashamed of this failure to protect young people -- not just from HIV/AIDS, but from other STDs and unwanted pregnancy, as well. The National HIV/AIDS Strategy calls for educating all young people about HIV and providing additional prevention for those at greater risk, including Black youth. But achieving these goals requires that we adequately prepare our young. This means providing them with accurate and appropriate education about sexual health, including safe sex, and proactively providing access to condoms and all appropriate forms of prevention, as well as treatment. This also means that we must introduce HIV testing to teenagers, teaching them both to visit a healthcare provider regularly and to ask to be tested for HIV.

In addition to doing a better job in schools, we must focus more on pregnant young women and their partners to help prevent mother-to-child transmission, which can occur during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding. Early HIV treatment is vital to this effort. Without it, some 15 to 30 percent of babies born to HIV-infected women will acquire HIV during pregnancy or delivery and an additional five to 20 percent will become infected through breastfeeding.

Community-health organizations can help teach HIV prevention to young people and provide referrals to medical professionals for anti-retroviral treatments and other components of care for those who test HIV-positive. It's vital that we support them.

But nothing is more important to improving access to appropriate healthcare than fully implementing the Affordable Care Act, which will deliver health coverage to more than 30 million people who are currently uninsured, including young mothers and families with children. Indeed young adults were among the very first beneficiaries of healthcare reform, when they became eligible to stay on their parents' health-insurance plans until they turn 27.

We have achieved reductions in infection rates among newborn children and older people. Now, it's time to take care of our future by acting on behalf of adolescents and young adults who need access to information, prevention, and treatment. By doing this we can take steps to provide them the safe and AIDS-free generation that they deserve.

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This article was provided by The Black AIDS Institute. It is a part of the publication Black AIDS Weekly. Visit Black AIDS Institute's website to find out more about their activities and publications.

See Also's HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
HIV and Me: An African American's Guide to Living With HIV
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
More Views on HIV Prevention in the African-American Community

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