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STIs: What Role Do They Play in HIV Transmission?

Summer 2012

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References

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  2. Johnson LF, Lewis DA. The effect of genital tract infections on HIV-1 shedding in the genital tract: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2008 Nov;35(11):946-59.
  3. Quinn TC, Wawer MJ, Sewankambo N et al. Viral load and heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Rakai Project Study Group. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2000 Mar 30;342(13):921-9.
  4. Government of Canada Public Health Agency of Canada. What's new -- hepatitis C and sexually transmitted infections surveillance & epidemiology -- Public Health Agency of Canada [Internet]. 2006 Aug 14 [cited 2011 Nov 10].
  5. Kalichman SC, Pellowski J, Turner C. Prevalence of sexually transmitted co-infections in people living with HIV/AIDS: systematic review with implications for using HIV treatments for prevention. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2011 Apr;87(3):183-90.
  6. Romanowski B, Myziuk LN, Walmsley SL et al. Seroprevalence and risk factors for herpes simplex virus infection in a population of HIV-infected patients in Canada. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2009 Mar;36(3):165-9.
  7. Leber A, MacPherson P, Lee BC. Epidemiology of infectious syphilis in Ottawa. Recurring themes revisited. The Canadian Journal of Public Health. 2008 Oct;99(5):401-5.
  8. Montaner JSG, Lima VD, Barrios R et al. Association of highly active antiretroviral therapy coverage, population viral load, and yearly new HIV diagnoses in British Columbia, Canada: a population-based study. The Lancet. 2010 Aug 14;376(9740):532-9.
  9. Kalichman SC, Cherry C, White D et al. The Achilles' heel of HIV treatment for prevention: history of sexually transmitted coinfections among people living with HIV/AIDS receiving antiretroviral therapies. Journal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care (JIAPAC) [Internet]. 2011 Oct 11 [cited 2011 Nov 1].
  10. Ng BE, Butler LM, Horvath T, Rutherford GW. Population-based biomedical sexually transmitted infection control interventions for reducing HIV infection. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2011;(3):CD001220.
  11. Barnabas RV, Wasserheit JN. Riddle of the sphinx revisited: the role of STDs in HIV prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2009 Jun;36:365-7.
  12. Gray RH, Wawer MJ. Reassessing the hypothesis on STI control for HIV prevention. The Lancet. 21;371(9630):2064-5.
  13. Mayer KH, Venkatesh KK. Interactions of HIV, other sexually transmitted diseases, and genital tract inflammation facilitating local pathogen transmission and acquisition. American Journal of Reproductive Immunology. 2011 Mar;65(3):308-16.
  14. Grosskurth H, Mosha F, Todd J et al. Impact of improved treatment of sexually transmitted diseases on HIV infection in rural Tanzania: randomised controlled trial. The Lancet. 1995 Aug 26;346(8974):530-6.
  15. Kamali A, Quigley M, Nakiyingi J et al. Syndromic management of sexually-transmitted infections and behaviour change interventions on transmission of HIV-1 in rural Uganda: a community randomised trial. The Lancet. 2003 Feb 22;361(9358):645-52.
  16. Gregson S, Adamson S, Papaya S et al. Impact and process evaluation of integrated community and clinic-based HIV-1 control: a cluster-randomised trial in eastern Zimbabwe. PLoS Medicine. 2007 Mar 27;4(3):e102.
  17. Kaul R, Kimani J, Nagelkerke NJ et al. Monthly antibiotic chemoprophylaxis and incidence of sexually transmitted infections and HIV-1 infection in Kenyan sex workers: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2004 Jun 2;291(21):2555-62.
  18. Wawer MJ, Sewankambo NK, Serwadda D et al. Control of sexually transmitted diseases for AIDS prevention in Uganda: a randomised community trial. Rakai Project Study Group. The Lancet. 1999 Feb 13;353(9152):525-35.
  19. Watson-Jones D, Weiss HA, Rusizoka M et al. Effect of herpes simplex suppression on incidence of HIV among women in Tanzania. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2008 Apr 10;358(15):1560-71.
  20. Celum C, Wald A, Hughes J et al. Effect of aciclovir on HIV-1 acquisition in herpes simplex virus 2 seropositive women and men who have sex with men: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. The Lancet. 2008 Jun 21;371(9630):2109-19.
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This article was provided by Canadian AIDS Treatment Information Exchange. It is a part of the publication Prevention in Focus: Spotlight on Programming and Research. Visit CATIE's Web site to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 
See Also
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
Ten Common Fears About HIV Transmission
Is HIV the Only Incurable Sexually Transmitted Disease?
The HIV-STD Connection
More on Sexually Transmitted Diseases

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