Fast Facts About Women and HIV in Canada
1981: The year Sandra Ford, a drug technician for the Centers for Disease Control first reported an increase in requests for PCP (pneumocystis carinii pneumonia) treatment. This and an unusual number of Kaposi's Sarcoma cases led to the discovery of the epidemic that became known as AIDS.1
1983: The year it was discovered that women could be infected with HIV through sex with a man.2
14,300: The estimated number of women living with HIV in Canada in 2008.3
26: The estimated percentage of HIV-positive people in Canada who were women in 2008.3
600-1,120: The estimated number of women infected with HIV in Canada in 2008.3
43: The percentage of women diagnosed with HIV between 1998 and 2008 who were Aboriginal.3
19: The percentage of women diagnosed with HIV in those years who were Black.3
33: The percentage of women diagnosed with HIV in those years who were White.3
Sex with a man -- Accounted for an estimated 71% of HIV infections in women in 2008.3
Injection drug use -- Accounted for an estimated 29% of HIV infections in women in 2008.3
<2%: The likelihood that an HIV-positive mother will transmit HIV to her baby during pregnancy or birth if she takes HIV medication.7
8: The estimated percentage of women in Canadian prisons living with HIV in 2007.8
37: The estimated percentage of women in Canadian prisons living with hepatitis C in 2007.8
26,000,000: The number of female condoms sold worldwide in 2008.1
- Wilder TL. Twenty-nine years of women living with HIV: Past, present and future, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2011.
- MMWR Weekly. Epidemiologic notes and reports immunodeficiency among female sexual partners of males with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) -- New York, 1983 January 7, 31(52);697-8.
- Public Health Agency of Canada. HIV/AIDS Epi Updates, July 2010, Chapter 5. Surveillance and Risk Assessment Division, Centre for Communicable Diseases and Infection Control, Public Health Agency of Canada, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2011.
- EKOS Research Associates. HIV/AIDS Attitudinal Tracking Survey 2006. Final Report. Accessed December 19, 2011.
- Public Health Agency of Canada. Reported cases and rates of hepatitis C by province/territory and sex, 2005 to 2009. Accessed December 19, 2011.
- World Health Organization. Rapid advice: use of antiretroviral drugs for treating pregnant women and preventing HIV infection in infants. Geneva: WHO, 2009.
- Siegfried N, van der Merwe L, Brocklehurst P et al. Antiretrovirals for reducing the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV infection.
- Zakaria D, Thompson J, Jarvis A et al. Summary of emerging findings from the 2007 National Inmate Infectious Diseases and Risk Behaviors Survey. Corrections Canada, 2010. Accessed December 19, 2011.
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