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Pointers on Chlamydia Prevention and Care for People With HIV

Summer 2012

  1. Chlamydia infection often has no physical signs or symptoms, so you may not know you're infected unless you get tested regularly.
  2. Sexually active men with HIV should be tested for chlamydia every 3 to 6 months, and sexually active women should be tested every 6 to 12 months.
  3. How often a person gets tested depends on their individual risk of chlamydia infection.
  4. People with a high risk of chlamydia infection include (1) those who have already had chlamydia, (2) those with many sex partners, (3) those who use drugs or alcohol during sex, (4) those who have sex without a condom, (5) younger people, and (6) people with a CD4 count under 200.
  5. Chlamydia can pass from one person to another during oral, vaginal, or rectal sex, and it can pass from a mother to an infant during vaginal delivery.
  6. Using male latex condoms correctly is the surest way to protect yourself from chlamydia.
  7. If you get chlamydia, letting your sex partners know is very important -- both so they can be treated and so you can avoid getting infected by them again.
  8. If you get treated for chlamydia, do not have sex for 7 days after you start treatment. After the treatment period, do not have sex with partners who have not been tested for chlamydia -- and treated if necessary.
  9. Taking chlamydia drugs with food can lower the risk of nausea. If chlamydia drugs make you throw up, contact your provider immediately.

Sources: US Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration. Guide for HIV/AIDS Clinical Care. January 2011; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chlamydia -- CDC fact sheet.




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