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HIV/AIDS in West Virginia: 2009-2010

August 4, 2011

While the Federal government's investment in treatment and research is helping people with HIV/AIDS live longer and more productive lives, HIV continues to spread at a staggering national rate. The latest incidence data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates nationally there were 48,100 new HIV infections in 2009. The graph below depicts the HIV/AIDS epidemic in West Virginia according to the CDC. In 2009, there were 1,507 individuals living with HIV/AIDS according to the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health.i Note that HIV/AIDS statistics only represent a portion of the epidemic in the U.S. -- those cases that have been both confirmed through testing and reported.

Reported AIDS Casesii

Reported AIDS Cases

Demographic Trendsiii

The HIV/AIDS epidemic disproportionately affects those at risk from social factors such as disparity and discrimination. The following demographic numbers are from the West Virginia Bureau for Public Health as of December 31, 2009.

Demographic Trends
Counties


Fiscal Year 2010 Funding for HIV/AIDS in West Virginia

At-a-Glance

Fiscal Year 2010 Funding for HIV/AIDS in West Virginia at a Glance

Prevention

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provided West Virginia with $1,821,740 for HIV prevention programs in 2010. These funds were allocated to state and local health departments and community-based organizations to finance counseling, testing programs, health education/risk reduction activities, and surveillance/ monitoring programs.v

Ryan White CARE Act

The Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency (CARE) Act, enacted in 1990 and reauthorized in 1996, 2000, 2006, and 2009 is the centerpiece of the federal government's efforts to improve the quality and availability of care for medically underserved individuals and families affected by HIV/AIDS. The CARE Act, administered by the HIV/AIDS Bureau of the Health Resources and Services Administration, provides funding to states, territories, and other public and private nonprofit entities to develop, organize, coordinate, and operate more effective and cost-efficient systems for the delivery of essential health care and support services to people living with HIV/AIDS and their families.

Housing Opportunities for Persons With AIDS

The Housing Opportunities for Persons with AIDS program (HOPWA) provides housing assistance and related supportive services for HIV positive persons with low income and their families. Funding is provided in the form of formula grants, which are awarded to eligible states and cities on behalf of their metropolitan areas, and competitive grants, which are awarded to model projects or programs.

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) provided the state a total of $336,232 HOPWA funding in FY 2010.xiv

HOPWA Funding

State Issues

Syringe Exchange -- In 2009, the nationwide ban on a state's use of federal funds for Syringe Exchange Programs (SEPs) was removed through appropriations legislation and signed by President Barack Obama. Numerous studies have indicated that SEPs offer vital care and services to intravenous drug users and reduce risk behavior. Yet, despite long held support from the CDC, NIH, and the majority of the medical and scientific community, syringe exchange programs remain politically targeted.xv There are currently no exchange programs operating in West Virginia.xvi

Policy and Law

Criminalization of HIV, which is often dependent on known status, creates barriers to testing, along with discouraging disclosure and fostering stigma. West Virginia has a communicable disease statue, however there have been no known prosecutions and/or arrests.xvii

AIDS United Partners and Grantees

AIDS United promotes collaborative local planning and provides strategic grants and technical support to more than 400 direct service organizations annually through our Community Partnerships, Public Policy Committee, and targeted initiatives such as AmeriCorps, Access to Care (A2C), GENERATIONS/Women's Initiative, Southern REACH, Puerto Rico grantmaking, and the Syringe Access Fund. There are no current grants in West Virginia.

State AIDS Director

AIDS Director
Susan Hall
Director
HIV/AIDS/STD Program
Division of Sur. & Disease Control
West Virginia Department of Health
350 Capitol St., Room 125
Charleston, West Virginia, 25301-3715
Phone: 304-558-2195
Fax: 304-558-6478
caroline.a.williams@wv.govxvix


References

  1. West Virginia HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, available from: www.dhhr.wv.gov/oeps/std-hiv-hep/hivaidssurveillance/Documents/HIV%20Surveillance%20Summary%202009%20Update_10042010.pdf.
  2. HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 18 (2006), 19 (2007), 20 (2008), 21 (2009), Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, available from: www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/resources/reports/.
  3. West Virginia HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, available from: www.dhhr.wv.gov/oeps/std-hiv-hep/hivaidssurveillance/Documents/HIV%20Surveillance%20Summary%202009%20Update_10042010.pdf.
  4. West Virginia HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, West Virginia Bureau for Public Health, available from: www.dhhr.wv.gov/oeps/std-hiv-hep/hivaidssurveillance/Documents/HIV%20Surveillance%20Summary%202009%20Update_10042010.pdf.
  5. DHAP HIV Prevention Funding Allocations by State and Dependent Area (Fiscal Year 2010), Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, available from: www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/funding/state-awards/index.htm.
  6. Ryan White Part A Awards to Eligible Metropolitan Areas (EMAs) and Transitional Grant Areas (TGAs) for FY 2010, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://hab.hrsa.gov/data/reports/partaemastgas.html
  7. Find Grant Awards: West Virginia, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://granteefind.hrsa.gov/; Breakouts provided by NASTAD: Part B totals include Base, ADAP, MAI, and EC; Base includes supplemental funds; ADAP includes supplemental and emergency funds.
  8. Find Grant Awards: West Virginia, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://granteefind.hrsa.gov/.
  9. Find Grant Awards: West Virginia, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://granteefind.hrsa.gov/.
  10. Find Grant Awards: West Virginia, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://granteefind.hrsa.gov/.
  11. About the AIDS Education & Training Centers, AETC National Resource Center, available from: www.aids-ed.org/aidsetc?page=ab-00-00.
  12. The HIV/AIDS Program: Caring for the Underserved; Part F: Dental Reimbursement Programs 2010 Award Amounts, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://hab.hrsa.gov/treatmentmodernization/dentalrosters2010.htm.
  13. Find Grant Awards: West Virginia, HRSA, US Department of Health and Human Services, available from: http://granteefind.hrsa.gov/.
  14. HOPWA Report, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, available from: www.hudhre.info/hopwa/index.cfm?do=viewHopwaRptsSelect&opt=Awards#tab.
  15. Syringe Exchange and HIV/AIDS, AIDS United (published under formerly AIDS Action), available from: www.aidsunited.org/uploads/docs/Learn-Syringe_Exchange_and_HIV.pdf.
  16. Syringe Exchange Programs in the United States 2011, amfAR, available from: www.amfar.org/uploadedFiles/On_The_Hill/SEPS.pdf?n=3826%29.
  17. Ending and Defending Against HIV Criminalization: A Manual for Advocates, Volume 1, State and Federal Laws and Prosecutions, The Center for HIV Law and Policy, Fall 2010, available from: www.hivlawandpolicy.org/resources/view/564.
  18. State HIV/AIDS Program Directory, National Alliance of State and Territorial AIDS Directors, available from: http://nastaddemo.dedicated.advansiv.com/About/res_state_Directory.aspx.




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