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HIV Infection and HIV-Associated Behaviors Among Injecting Drug Users -- 20 Cities, United States, 2009

March 2, 2012

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Table 1. Estimated Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection Among Injecting Drug Users (IDUs) (N = 10,073), by Selected Characteristics -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System,* United States, 2009

Characteristic

Overall

HIV prevalence

%

(95% CI)

%

(95% CI)

Overall

100

--

9

(8-11)

Sex

Men

71

(69-73)

9

(8-10)

Women

29

(27-31)

10

(8-13)

Race/Ethnicity

Hispanic

22

(20-25)

12

(9-15)

Black, non-Hispanic

42

(40-44)

11

(10-13)

White, non-Hispanic

31

(29-34)

6

(4-8)

Other§

4

(4-5)

--

--

Age group (yrs)

18-29

11

(10-13)

3

(0-10)

30-39

19

(18-21)

10

(6-13)

40-49

32

(30-34)

11

(9-13)

≥50

38

(36-39)

10

(7-12)

Education

Less than high school diploma

36

(34-38)

13

(10-15)

High school diploma

39

(37-41)

8

(6-10)

More than high school diploma

25

(24-27)

7

(5-9)

Poverty level

At or below federal poverty level

81

(80-83)

10

(8-11)

Above federal poverty level

19

(17-20)

7

(4-9)

Drug injected most frequently

Heroin only

64

(62-66)

7

(4-9)

Other/Multiple

36

(34-38)

14

(12-16)

Region**

Northeast

34

(21-48)

12

(9-14)

South

27

(13-40)

11

(9-14)

Midwest

8

(0-22)

5

(2-7)

West

28

(15-42)

6

(4-8)

Abbreviation: CI = confidence interval.

* The National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System covers the following 20 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs): Atlanta, Georgia; Baltimore, Maryland; Boston, Massachusetts; Chicago, Illinois; Dallas, Texas; Denver, Colorado; Detroit, Michigan; Houston, Texas; Los Angeles, California; Miami, Florida; Nassau-Suffolk, New York; New Orleans, Louisiana; New York, New York; Newark, New Jersey; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; San Juan, Puerto Rico; Seattle, Washington; and Washington, District of Columbia.

† Percentages were weighted to adjust for differences in recruitment, the size of participants' networks of IDUs, and the size of the population of IDUs in each MSA.

§ Includes American Indian/Alaska Natives, Asians, Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islanders, and persons of multiple races.

¶ Other drugs injected alone or two or more drugs injected with the same frequency.

** The Northeast region includes the MSAs of Boston, Massachusetts; Nassau-Suffolk, New York; New York, New York; Newark, New Jersey; and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. South region includes Atlanta, Georgia; Baltimore, Maryland; Dallas, Texas; Houston, Texas; Miami, Florida; New Orleans, Louisiana; and Washington, District of Columbia. Midwest region includes Chicago, Illinois and Detroit, Michigan. West region includes Denver, Colorado; Los Angeles, California; San Diego, California; San Francisco, California; and Seattle, Washington. San Juan, Puerto Rico, was not included.


Table 2. Estimated Percentage of Injecting Drug Users at Risk for Acquiring Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection (n = 9,565) Who Engaged in Behaviors Associated With HIV Infection, by Selected Characteristics -- National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System, United States, 2009

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This article was provided by U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It is a part of the publication Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Visit the CDC's website to find out more about their activities, publications and services.
 
See Also
Ask Our Expert, David Fawcett, Ph.D., L.C.S.W., About Substance Use and HIV
More Statistics on Injection Drug Use and HIV/AIDS in the U.S.

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