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Similar Efficacy and a Few Gender-Related Differences in Side Effects With Rilpivirine Versus Efavirenz at 96 Weeks

January/February 2012

Rilpivirine (RPV) did not show teratogenicity risk in pre-clinical studies and is therefore FDA pregnancy category B, nor does it interact with the oral contraceptives norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol. For these reasons, it could be a useful option for women of child bearing potential.

RPV was non-inferior to efavirenz (EFV) when combined with a nucleos(ti)de backbone in the pooled 96-week analysis of the phase 3 ECHO and THRIVE trials but only for baseline viral load strata <500,000 copies/mL. The primary endpoint was viral suppression to <50 copies/mL at week 48 by TLOVR analysis, with non inferiority defined by 95% CI compared to control not crossing the lower margin of -12%.

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