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HIV/AIDS and Native Hawaiians/Other Pacific Islanders

August 20, 2013


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated number of diagnosed cases and rates (per 100,000) of HIV infection, 2011

  # Cases Rate NHOPI/
White Ratio
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander males 70 34.2 2.4
White males 12,041 14.5  
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander females 8 3.9 2.0
White females 1,776 2.0  
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (both sexes) 78 15.3 2.2
White (both sexes) 13,846 7.0  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 3a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases and Rates (Children <13 Years)

Estimated Number of Diagnosed Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of HIV Infection, 2011

  # Cases Rate
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0 0
White 29 0.1
Total Population 192 0.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 5a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

Estimated Number of Cases of HIV Infection by Year of Diagnosis, 2011

  # Cases % of Total Cases
NHOPI 78 0.2
White 13,846 28%
Total Population 49,273  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 1a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

Estimated Number of Persons Living With HIV Infection by Year, 2010

  # Cases Rate NHOPI / White Ratio
NHOPI 894 178.9 1.2
White 295,463 149.7 --
Total Population 872,990 282.2 --

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 15a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases by Transmission (Adults)

Estimated Number of Male Adults or Adolescents (>13 Years) Living With HIV Infection Year-End 2010, by Transmission Category

Transmission # NHOPI Cases % of NHOPI Cases # White Cases % of White Cases
Male-to-male sexual contact 598 83% 205,195 81%
Heterosexual contact 45 6% 9,299 4%
Injection drug use 30 4% 16,4444 6%
Male-to-male sexual contact and injection drug use 47 6% 21,689 9%
Other 3 0.4% 1,729 0.7%
Estimated Total 724   254,874  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]

Estimated % of Female Adults or Adolescents (>13 Years) Living With HIV Infection Year-End 2010 by Transmission

Transmission # NHOPI Cases % of NHOPI Cases # White Cases % of White Cases
Heterosexual contact 129 78% 25,762 65%
Injection drug use 27 16% 13,382 33%
Other 4 2% 586 1%
Estimated Total 168   40,270  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 17a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases and Rates (Adults)

Estimated Number of Diagnosed Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

  # Cases Rate(per 100,000) NHOPI/White Ratio
NHOPI males 40 19.7 2.3
White males 7,101 8.6  
 
NHOPI females 7 3.4 2.4
White females 1,202 1.4  
 
NHOPI (both sexes) 47 9.3 2.2
White (both sexes) 8,304 4.2  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 4a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases and Rates (Children <13 Years Old)

Estimated Number of Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of AIDS, 2011

  # Cummulative Cases # Cases Rate (per 100,000 Population)
NHOPI 7 0 0
White 1,596 1 0.0
Total Population 9,521 15 0.0

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 6a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases (Adults and Children)

Estimated Number of Cases of AIDS by Year of Diagnosis, 2011

  Cumulative # Cases # Cases % of Total Cases
NHOPI 883 47 0.1%
White 435,613 8,304 26%
Total Population 1,155,792 32,052  

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 2a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- Death Rate

National data not available at this time.


At a Glance -- AIDS Deaths

Estimated Number of Deaths, and Death Rates, of Persons With AIDS by Year of Death, 2010

  Rate Cumulative # Deaths # Deaths NHOPI / White Ratio
NHOPI 2.1 357 10 0.9
White 2.4 265,052 4,668 --
Total Population 5.0 636,048 15,529 --

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 12a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Testing

Age-Adjusted Percent of HIV Testing Status Among Persons 18 Years of Age and Over, 2011

  Native Hawaiian / Other Pacific
Islander
Non-Hispanic White NHOPI/
Non-Hispanic White Ratio
Ever tested 33.4 33.6 1.0
Never tested 66.6 66.4 1.0

Source: CDC 2012. Summary Health Statistics for U.S. Adults: 2011. Table 41.
www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/series/sr_10/sr10_256.pdf [PDF |3.12MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Cases: Pacific Territories

Estimated Number of Cases and Rates (per 100,000) of HIV, 2009 (U.S. Territories)

Region Number of HIV/AIDS Cases, Cummulative HIV Cummulative Rate
U.S. National-White -- 7.0
U.S. All Native Hawaiian/Other Pacific Islander -- 15.3
American Samoa 3 4.6
Federated States of Micronesia 37 33.4
Guam 196 107.6
Northern Mariana Islands 34 53.9
Republic of Palau 9 44.1
Republic of Marshall Islands 22 40.6

*Data represents all ages in the United States, 2009 only. Comparable data is not available; this is for illustration only.

Source: Secretariate of the Public Community 2010. Cummulative reported HIV, AIDS and AIDS deaths: cases, incidence rates and gender, 2009.
www.spc.int/hiv/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=378&itemid=148 [PDF |23KB]

Source(U.S. National): CDC 2011. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV infection and AIDS in the United States abd Dependent Areas, 2009, v.21. Table 1a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2009report/pdf/2009SurveillanceReport.pdf [PDF | 7MB]


At a Glance -- HIV Infection Cases: Pacific Territories

Estimated Number Persons Living With HIV Infection, by Area of Residence 2010

  Cumulative # Cases # Cases Rate
NHOPI (U.S.)   892 223.6
American Somoa   2 4.7
Guam   87 72.0
Northern Mariana Islands   14 34.0
Republic of Palau   4 24.7
White National (U.S.)   295,146 174.2
Total Population (U.S.)   870,096 339.4

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 21.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 2.32MB]


At a Glance -- AIDS Cases: Pacific Territory

Estimated Number of AIDS Cases and Rates, by Area of Residence, 2011

  Cumulative # Cases # Cases Rate
NHOPI (U.S.) 883 47 9.3
American Somoa 1 0 0.0
Guam 87 4 2.2
Northern Mariana Islands 7 3 5.8
Republic of Palau 3 0 0.0
White National (U.S.) 435,613 8,304 4.2
Total Population (U.S.) 1,155,792 32,052 10.3

Source: CDC 2013. HIV Surveillance Report: Diagnoses of HIV Infection and AIDS in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2011, v.23. Table 20 and Table 2a.
www.cdc.gov/hiv/surveillance/resources/reports/2011report/pdf/2011_HIV_Surveillance_Report_vol_23.pdf [PDF | 1.79MB]




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