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HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
Kai Chandler Lois Crenshaw Gary Paul Wright Fortunata Kasege Keith Green Lois Bates Greg Braxton Vanessa Austin Bernard Jackson

Prevention/Epidemiology

Longitudinal Association of HIV Conspiracy Beliefs With Sexual Risk Among Black Males Living With HIV

November 15, 2011

The authors noted the need to identify culturally relevant factors that may contribute to sexual risk among African Americans. In the current study, they investigated HIV-specific medical mistrust -- often exhibited as conspiracy beliefs about HIV (such as, "AIDS was produced in a government laboratory") -- as one such cultural factor, which might be indicative of general suspicion of messages about HIV treatment and prevention.

During a six-month period, the team measured the endorsement of HIV conspiracy beliefs three times and the frequency of condom use monthly among the study's participants, 181 HIV-positive African-American males. "A hierarchical multivariate repeated-measures logistic random effects model indicated that greater belief in HIV conspiracies was associated with a higher likelihood of reporting unprotected intercourse across all time points," the authors found.

"An average of 54 percent of participants who endorsed conspiracies reported unprotected intercourse, versus 39 percent who did not endorse conspiracies," the team concluded. "Secondary prevention interventions may need to address medical mistrust as a contributor to sexual risk among African Americans living with HIV."

Back to other news for November 2011

Adapted from:
AIDS and Behavior
08.2011; Vol. 15; No. 6: P. 1180-1186; Laura M. Bogart; Frank H. Galvan; Glenn J. Wagner; David J. Klein


This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.

See Also
TheBody.com's HIV/AIDS Resource Center for African Americans
HIV and Me: An African American's Guide to Living With HIV
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
More Research on HIV Prevention in the African American Community


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