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HIV Among Women

March 6, 2015

Fast Facts
  • Approximately one in four people living with HIV infection in the United States are women.*
  • Most new HIV infections in women are from heterosexual contact (84%).
  • An estimated 88% of women who are living with HIV are diagnosed, but only 32% have the virus under control.

HIV Among Women

At the end of 2011, 23% of all people living with HIV in the United States were women.1 Black/African American** and Hispanic/Latina2 women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV, compared with women of other races/ethnicities.

Not all US women who are living with HIV are getting the care they need. Of all women living with HIV in 2011, only 45% were engaged in care, and only 32% had achieved viral suppression.


The Numbers

New HIV Infections3


Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2010

Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2010

Source: CDC. Estimated HIV incidence among adults and adolescents in the United States, 2007-2010. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2012;17(4). Subpopulations representing 2% or less of the overall U.S. epidemic are not reflected in this chart. Abbreviations: MSM, men who have sex with men; IDU, injection drug user.


HIV and AIDS Diagnoses5 and Deaths


Why Are Women Affected by HIV?


What CDC Is Doing

Through its High-Impact Prevention approach, CDC is working with state and local partners throughout the United States to identify and implement the most cost-effective and scalable interventions in the geographic areas hardest hit by HIV and among the populations most affected within those areas. Activities include:

View the bibliography and other resources.

* In this fact sheet, women are defined as females aged 13 years and older.

** Referred to as African American in this fact sheet.


Footnotes

  1. Women are defined in this fact sheet as adult and adolescent females aged 13 and older.
  2. Hispanic/Latino women can be of any race.
  3. New HIV infections refer to HIV incidence or the number of people who are newly infected with HIV, whether they are aware of their infection or not.
  4. Heterosexual contact with a person known to have, or be at high risk for, HIV infection.
  5. HIV and AIDS diagnoses indicate when a person is diagnosed with HIV infection or AIDS, but do not indicate when the person was infected.




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