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HIV Among Women

March 6, 2014

Fast Facts
  • One in four people living with HIV infection in the United States are women.
  • Most new HIV infections in women are from heterosexual contact (84%).
  • Only about half of women who are diagnosed with HIV are in care, and even fewer (4 in 10) have the virus under control.

HIV Among Women

At the end of 2010, one in four people living with HIV in the United States were women.1 Black/African American* and Hispanic/Latino2 women continue to be disproportionately affected by HIV, compared with women of other races/ethnicities.

Not all U.S. women who are diagnosed with HIV are getting the care they need. In 19 U.S. jurisdictions with complete reporting, of all women who were diagnosed with HIV by year-end 2009 and alive in 2010, only 53% were staying in care in 2010, and 42% had viral suppression.

The Numbers

New HIV Infections3

Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2010

Estimates of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2010

Source: CDC. Estimated HIV incidence among adults and adolescents in the United States, 2007-2010. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2012;17(4). Subpopulations representing 2% or less of the overall U.S. epidemic are not reflected in this chart. Abbreviations: MSM, men who have sex with men; IDU, injection drug user.

HIV and AIDS Diagnoses5 and Deaths

Why Are Women Affected by HIV?

What CDC Is Doing

Through its High-Impact Prevention approach, CDC is working with state and local partners throughout the United States to identify and implement the most cost-effective and scalable interventions in the geographic areas hardest hit by HIV and among the populations most affected within those areas. Activities include:

View the bibliography and other resources.

* Referred to as African American in this fact sheet.


  1. Women are defined in this fact sheet as adult and adolescent females aged 13 and older.
  2. Hispanic/Latino women can be of any race.
  3. New HIV infections refer to HIV incidence or the number of people who are newly infected with HIV, whether they are aware of their infection or not.
  4. Heterosexual contact with a person known to have, or be at high risk for, HIV infection.
  5. HIV and AIDS diagnoses indicate when a person is diagnosed with HIV infection or AIDS, but do not indicate when the person was infected.

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