Advertisement
The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Download Our App
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
  
  • Email Email
  • Comments Comments
  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
  • Glossary Glossary

Medical News

Identifying Barriers to HIV Testing: Personal and Contextual Factors Associated With Late HIV Testing

July 29, 2011

Late diagnosis of HIV, which is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and health care costs, continues to occur despite the availability of HIV testing. In the current study, researchers accessed the HIV/AIDS case registry of the San Francisco Department of Public Health to identify individuals who developed AIDS within 12 months of their HIV diagnosis; 41 such patients were recruited to participate in qualitative and quantitative interviews.

Advertisement

Among the participants, 31 were diagnosed with HIV due to symptomatic disease. Fifty percent were diagnosed with HIV and AIDS concurrently. Half the patients had never been tested for HIV prior to diagnosis.

Barriers to HIV testing included fear (cited most frequently), and being unaware of improved HIV treatment, free/low-cost care and risk for HIV. "Recommendations for health care providers to increase early diagnosis of HIV include routine ascertainment of HIV risk behaviors and testing histories, stronger recommendations for patients to be tested, and incorporating testing into routine medical care," the authors wrote.

"Public health messages to increase testing include publicizing that (1) effective, tolerable, and low-cost/free care for HIV is readily available; (2) early diagnosis of HIV improves health outcomes; (3) HIV can be transmitted to persons who engage in unprotected oral and insertive anal sex and unprotected receptive anal intercourse without ejaculation and from HIV-infected persons whose infection is well-controlled with antiretroviral therapy; (4) persons who may be infected based upon these behaviors should be tested following exposure; (5) HIV testing information will be kept private; and (6) encouraging friends and family to get HIV tested is beneficial;" the team concluded.

Back to other news for July 2011

Adapted from:
AIDS Care
07.2011; Vol. 23; No. 7: P. 892-900; Sandra Schwarcz, and others


  
  • Email Email
  • Comments Comments
  • Printable Single-Page Print-Friendly
  • Glossary Glossary

This article was provided by CDC National Prevention Information Network. It is a part of the publication CDC HIV/Hepatitis/STD/TB Prevention News Update.
 
See Also
Quiz: Are You at Risk for HIV?
10 Common Fears About HIV Transmission
More HIV Testing Research
Advertisement:
Find out how a Walgreens specially trained pharmacist can help you

No comments have been made.
 

Add Your Comment:
(Please note: Your name and comment will be public, and may even show up in
Internet search results. Be careful when providing personal information! Before
adding your comment, please read TheBody.com's Comment Policy.)

Your Name:


Your Location:

(ex: San Francisco, CA)

Your Comment:

Characters remaining:

Tools
 

Advertisement