Oral Sex: What's the Real Risk for HIV?
June 17, 2015
Table of Contents
The chances of HIV being passed from one person to another depend on the type of contact. HIV is most easily spread, or transmitted, through unprotected anal sex, unprotected vaginal sex, and sharing injection drug equipment. Unprotected sex means sex in which no condoms or other barriers are used.
Oral sex has been shown to be less risky than these activities, but it is not risk-free. Oral sex involves contact between the mouth and the genitals. It includes giving or receiving licking, sucking, or biting of the vulva (vagina, clitoris, and labia, or "lips"), penis, or anus.
HIV is present in female sexual fluid (vaginal secretions), male sexual fluids ("cum" and "pre-cum"), and blood. HIV cannot be spread through saliva (spit). It is also possible to get other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as syphilis, herpes, gonorrhea, and human papilloma virus (HPV) through oral sex.
Even though oral sex is a lower-risk activity for HIV, several reports show that people have become infected with HIV through oral sexual activity. A number of studies have tried to figure out the exact level of risk of oral sex, but it can be difficult to get accurate information. When HIV is spread, it is difficult to tell if it was the oral sex or another, more risky sexual activity that was responsible for spreading HIV. Other factors also increase the risk of oral sex, including having bleeding gums, mouth ulcers, gum disease, genital sores, and other STDs.
The take home message is that oral sex carries a small but real risk.
This article was provided by The Well Project. Visit The Well Project's Web site to learn more about their resources and initiatives for women living with HIV. The Well Project shares its content with TheBody.com to ensure all people have access to the highest quality treatment information available. The Well Project receives no advertising revenue from TheBody.com or the advertisers on this site. No advertiser on this site has any editorial input into The Well Project's content.
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