An Overview of Isoniazid (INH, Nydrazid)
June 5, 2017
What Is Isoniazid?
Isoniazid is an antibacterial prescription medicine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the prevention and treatment of Tuberculosis (TB). TB is an opportunistic Infection of HIV. An opportunistic infection is an infection that occurs more frequently or is more severe in people with weakened immune systems -- such as those infected with HIV -- than in people with healthy immune systems. To learn more about opportunistic infections, read the AIDSinfo What is an Opportunistic Infection? fact sheet.
The Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents, prepared by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA-HIVMA), includes recommendations on the HIV-related use of isoniazid to treat:
To learn how HIV and TB are connected, read the AIDSinfo HIV and Tuberculosis (TB) fact sheet. The fact sheet includes information on the difference between latent TB infection and active TB disease.
The above list may not include all of the HIV-related uses of isoniazid recommended in the Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections in HIV-Infected Adults and Adolescents. Some recommended uses, such as uses in certain rare circumstances, may have been omitted.
What Should I Tell My Health Care Provider Before Taking Isoniazid?
Before taking isoniazid, tell your health care provider:
Ask your health care provider about possible side effects from isoniazid. Your health care provider will tell you what to do if you have side effects.
How Should I Take Isoniazid?
Take isoniazid according to your health care provider's instructions. Your health care provider will tell you how much isoniazid to take and when to take it. Before you start isoniazid and each time you get a refill, read any printed information that comes with your medicine.
How Should Isoniazid Be Stored?
Where Can I Find More Information About Isoniazid?
More information about isoniazid is available:
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This article was provided by AIDSinfo. Visit the AIDSinfo website to find out more about their activities and publications.