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HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos

October 15, 2015

Fast Facts
  • Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV.
  • 7 in 10 new HIV diagnoses among Hispanics/Latinos occur in gay and bisexual men.
  • Less than half of Hispanics/Latinos with HIV are receiving medicines to treat their infection.

HIV Among Hispanics/Latinos

HIV is a serious threat to the health of the Hispanic/Latino1 community. In 2013, Hispanics/Latinos accounted for almost one quarter of all estimated new diagnoses2 of HIV infection in the United States and 6 dependent areas,3 despite representing about 17% of the total U.S. population.

The Numbers

New HIV Infections3

Estimated New HIV Diagnoses in the United States and 6 Dependent Areas for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2013

Estimated New HIV Diagnoses in the United States and 6 Dependent Areas for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2013

Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2013. HIV Surveillance Report 2015;25. Subpopulations representing 2% or less of HIV diagnoses are not reflected in this chart. Abbreviation: MSM, men who have sex with men.

Prevention Challenges


A number of factors contribute to the HIV epidemic in Latino communities.

What CDC Is Doing

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and its partners are pursuing a high-impact prevention approach to advance the goals of the National HIV/ AIDS Strategy: Updated to 2020 and maximize the effectiveness of current HIV prevention methods. Activities include

Additional Resources


Along with the materials in the Additional Resources section, the following articles, reports, and web sites were used as source material for much of the information about HIV and Latinos found on this website.

  1. CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2013. HIV Surveillance Report 2015;25. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  2. U.S. Census Bureau. State and County QuickFacts. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  3. CDC. Diagnoses and prevalence of HIV infection among Hispanics/Latinos -- United States, 2008-2013. MMWR 2015;64(39):1097-103.
  4. CDC. Monitoring selected national HIV prevention and care objectives by using HIV surveillance data: United States and 6 dependent areas -- 2013. HIV Surveillance Supplemental Report 2015;20(2). Accessed August 21, 2015.
  5. CDC. WISQARS leading causes of death reports, national and regional, 1999-2013. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  6. Reisen CA, Zea MC, Bianchi FT, Poppen PJ, Shedlin MG, Penha MM. Latino gay and bisexual men's relationships with non-gay-identified men who have sex with men. J Homosex 2010;57(8):1004-21. Accessed August 21, 2015
  7. CDC. 2013 sexually transmitted disease surveillance. December 2014. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  8. Albarracin J, Plambeck CR. Demographic factors and sexist beliefs as predictors of condom use among Latinos in the USA. AIDS Care 2010;22(8):1021-8. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  9. Shedlin MG, Decena CU, Oliver-Velez D. Initial acculturation and HIV risk among new Hispanic immigrants. J Natl Med Assoc 2005;97(7 Suppl):32S-37S. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  10. Duran D, Usman HR, Beltrami J, Alvarez ME, Valleroy L, Lyles CM. HIV counseling and testing among Hispanics at CDC-funded sites in the United States, 2007. Am J Public Health 2010;100(Suppl 1):S152-8. Accessed August 21, 2015.
  11. del Rio C. Latinos and HIV care in the southeastern United States: new challenges complicating longstanding problems. Clin Infect Dis 2011;53(5):488-9. Accessed August 21, 2015.

Other Resources

Web Sites

General Resources


  1. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
  2. The HIV and AIDS diagnoses numbers are the estimated number of people diagnosed with HIV infection regardless of stage of disease at diagnosis and the estimated number of people diagnosed with AIDS, respectively, during a given time period.
  3. Dependent areas: American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  4. This fact sheet uses the term gay and bisexual men, but the term male-to-male sexual contact is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates the behaviors that transmit HIV infection, not how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality.
  5. Heterosexual contact with a person known to have, or be at high risk for, HIV infection.
  6. In 27 states and the District of Columbia (the areas with complete lab reporting by December 2014).
  7. A person with a suppressed viral load has a very low level of the virus. That person can stay healthy and has a dramatically reduced risk of transmitting the virus to others.

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