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HIV Among Latinos

January 23, 2014

Fast Facts
  • Hispanics/Latinos are disproportionately affected by HIV, relative to other races/ethnicities.
  • The estimated new HIV infection rate among Hispanics/Latinos in 2010 in the United States was more than 3 times as high as that of whites.
  • Socioeconomic factors such as poverty and language barriers may contribute to Hispanic/Latino HIV infection rates.


HIV Among Latinos

HIV infection is a serious threat to the health of the Hispanic/Latino1 community. In 2010, Hispanics/Latinos accounted for over one-fifth (21% or 9,800) of all new HIV infections in the United States and 6 dependent areas2 despite representing about 16% of the total U.S. population.


The Numbers

New HIV Infections3


Estimated Numbers of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most Affected Subpopulations, 2010

Estimated Numbers of New HIV Infections in the United States for the Most Affected Subpopulations, 2010


HIV and AIDS Diagnoses5 and Deaths


Prevention Challenges

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A number of factors contribute to the HIV epidemic in Latino communities.


What CDC Is Doing


Additional Resources

CDC-INFO
1-800-CDC-INFO (232-4636)
Get answers to questions and locate HIV testing sites.

CDC HIV Web Site
Prevention information and resources.

National HIV and STD Testing Resources
Testing information and testing site locator.

CDC National Prevention Information Network (NPIN)
1-800-458-5231
Technical assistance and resources.

Act Against AIDS
Communication campaigns.

AIDSInfo
1-800-448-0440
Treatment and clinical trials.

AIDS.gov
Comprehensive government HIV resources
.


References

View the bibliography.


Footnotes

  1. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.
  2. Dependent areas: American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
  3. New HIV infections refer to HIV incidence or the number of people who are newly infected with HIV, whether they are aware of their infection or not.
  4. The term men who have sex with men (MSM) is used in CDC surveillance systems. It indicates the behaviors that transmit HIV infection, rather than how individuals self-identify in terms of their sexuality.
  5. HIV and AIDS diagnoses refer to the estimated number of people diagnosed with HIV infection regardless of stage of disease at diagnosis, and the estimated number of people diagnosed with AIDS, respectively, during a given time period.
  6. Heterosexual contact with a person known to have, or be at high risk for, HIV infection.




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