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HIV Transmission and Education >> Am I Infected?

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Anonymous
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Abbot Elisa positively the best!
      #112058 - 09/29/04 11:31 PM

National HIV Reference Laboratory, Fairfield Hospital, Victoria, Australia.

Two competitive anti-HIV ELISA screening assays (Behring and Wellcozyme) and two second generation assays using antigens generated by recombinant DNA technology (Abbott) and synthetic peptides (Biochrom) were evaluated against common panels of anti-HIV positive sera and sera known or thought likely to give false positive reactions. The assays were also tested on fresh sequential blood donations. Conventional estimates of sensitivity and specificity did not reveal a significant difference between the assays. Statistical analyses using log10 transformed data to determine delta values (the distance of the mean optical density (OD) ratio from the cut-off measured in standard deviation units) showed the Abbott assays to have the highest probability (greater than 99.99%) of detecting anti-HIV positive samples and the Behring assay as having the highest probability (greater than 99.99%) of correctly identifying anti-HIV negative specimens. The combined data from conventional estimates of sensitivity and specificity and delta values suggests that the Abbott assay is the test of choice for screening purposes.

PMID: 3198731 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]


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Anonymous
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Re: Abbot Elisa positively the best! new
      #112059 - 09/29/04 11:35 PM

Department of Medical Microbiology, St Stephen's Hospital, London.

Three hundred and ninety eight serum samples from 270 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody positive asymptomatic homosexual men were tested in the Abbott and Dupont HIV antigen ELISA tests. In the Abbott test 62 (16%) of the sera were positive, according to the manufacturer's instructions, compared with 55 (14%) in the Dupont test. Twenty six sera were positive with the Abbott test but negative with the Dupont test and 19 sera were positive only by the Dupont test. Only 36 (9%) of the sera were positive in both tests. The Abbott confirmatory neutralisation test gave excellent agreement with the initial Abbott HIV antigen ELISA test; the Dupont confirmatory test was only in agreement with the initial positive Dupont antigen ELISA test in one third of the sera tested. Although the overall sensitivity of each of the two commercial assays tested was similar, the Abbott method may be preferable for clinical purposes if confirmation of an initial ELISA positive test result by neutralisation assay is required.



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