The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Download Our App 
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
Ask the Experts About

Women and HIVWomen and HIV
Rollover images to visit our other forums!
  • Email Email
  • Glossary Glossary

Jul 25, 2005

average risk of infection with hiv

Response from Dr. Sullivan

Breast milk transmission can occur at anytime. Although data from some studies suggest that breast milk transmission commonly occurs within the first months of life. A recent study of 4,085 breastfed infants of HIV-1 positive women 12 demonstrated a constant risk of transmission (8.9 transmissions per 100 child years of breastfeeding) between 1 and 18 months of age. Richardson and colleagues, have estimated the probability of breast milk transmission at .00064 per liter ingested and .00028 per day of breastfeeding; the latter is roughly equivalent to the probability of transmission of HIV-1 per unprotected sex act between adults. Multiple studies have shown that advanced maternal disease with low CD4+ T cell counts or high plasma HIV-1 RNA copy numbers is associated with the highest risk of breast milk transmission;JLS.

Is it possible that they have a virus.
VIRAL LOAD in pregnancy

  • Email Email
  • Glossary Glossary



This forum is designed for educational purposes only, and experts are not rendering medical, mental health, legal or other professional advice or services. If you have or suspect you may have a medical, mental health, legal or other problem that requires advice, consult your own caregiver, attorney or other qualified professional.

Experts appearing on this page are independent and are solely responsible for editing and fact-checking their material. Neither nor any advertiser is the publisher or speaker of posted visitors' questions or the experts' material.

Review our complete terms of use and copyright notice.

Powered by ExpertViewpoint