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Lipodystrophy and WastingLipodystrophy and Wasting
          
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Preventing wasting
Jan 18, 2002

Do you not think that wasting may be prevented by starting treatment with fairly high cd4? and while on them for the first few months watch you weight closely making sure to intake enough calories to mantain it? It is just something I have noticed, maybe wrongly, but people who have had high cd4 all along rarely present those symptoms. What do you thing about this? Thank you

Response from Dr. Fisher

You are on to something if you mean HIV-associated weight loss and possibly lipodystrophy. We certainly see more wasting with advanced disease but see LD at any stage of disease. There is some evidence that the duration of AIDS and the lowest CD4 count ever recorded are factors associated with a higher prevalence of LD. However there is now an emerging trend to initiate antiretroviral therapy later in the disease rather than earlier. The DHHS guidelines last year suggested holding ART if CD4>350 unless high viral load. Some are going further: not recommending ART until the CD4 falls to 200. It is interesting that after 15 years of availability of antiretrovirals we still are not sure when to begin them. This trend to delay treatment is all about avoiding LD and avoiding ART resistance associated with nonadherence. A discussion with an HIV provider for each individual situation is critical. AF


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