Jul 27, 2003
what is Crypto and MAC
| Response from Dr. Aberg
Crypto could stand for one of 2 diseases, either cryptosporidiosis or cryptococcosis. I think most of us use the "nickname" more commonly for cryptococcosis but certainly after one has identified which one they are talking about, we affectionately just say crypto (not to mention it is a lot shorter!)
Cryptosporidiosis is caused by a parasite, Cryptosporidium species with C. parvum being the most common species associated with cryptosporidial diarrheal illnesses. Cryptosporidial infections occur worldwide. In the United States, the organism is most prevalent in persons with AIDS, with infection rates ranging from 3% to 20%. In such countries as Africa and Haiti, Cryptosporidium can infect over 50% of the AIDS population. The organism is also a cause of sporadic diarrheal illness in HIV seronegative individuals.
Cryptococcosis is a fungal infection caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. Cryptococcosis is the most common life-threatening meningitis in AIDS but it can cause pneumonia, blood stream infections and invade any parts of the body, even bone.
MAC is short for Mycobacterium avium complex, an organism similar to Mycobacterium tuberculosis but not contagious person to person. MAC can cause pneumonia or severe diarrhea associated with severe wasting. It has a tendency to invade the bone marrow, liver and spleen. Prior to antiretroviral therapy, MAC was very common and a leading cause of death among people with AIDS.
There are many good AIDS and infectious disease textbooks that can describe these diseases in more detail for you. Good luck with your research.
Get Email Notifications When This Forum Updates or Subscribe With RSS
- Is Psoriasis A Sign Of AIDS?
- Is Sinus Infection An Early Sign Of HIV?
- Burning Urethra After Anal Sex With Condom Does It Mean I Have HIV
- Hpv After Needle Stick Sign Of HIV AIDS
- Pain In Urethra After Sex With Sex Worker Worried I Have
- Penis Discharge After Mutual Masturbation Worried I Have HIV
This forum is designed for educational purposes only, and experts are not rendering medical, mental health, legal or other professional advice or services. If you have or suspect you may have a medical, mental health, legal or other problem that requires advice, consult your own caregiver, attorney or other qualified professional.
Experts appearing on this page are independent and are solely responsible for editing and fact-checking their material. Neither TheBody.com nor any advertiser is the publisher or speaker of posted visitors' questions or the experts' material.