Oct 23, 2002
How common is PN in the first 2-3 years of infection? both...
1) as a side effect of the medications I may be on
2) due to the HIV virus alone
Are the new drugs in the pipeline shown to have less side effects when it comes to PN?
Response from Dr. Henry
There are numerous neurologic problems due to HIV that run a wide spectrum (from brain involvement= encephalitis to peripherap nerves problems). Usualy when one asks about neuropathy that implies peripheral neuropathy. Although a small percentage of newly infected patients may develop early peripheral nerve disease, it is not common during the first years of HIV infection (secondary problems such as herpes zoster=shingles are probably more common). Peripheral neuropathy due to HIV drugs is mostly associated with the "d" drugs (ddc, D4T, and ddI. That condition usually involves the lower extremity first (toes/feet) in a symmetric fashion. It is more common when two of the d drug are used together (such as D4T + ddI). Over the first several years of therapy a sizeable minority (perhaps 30%) pf patients will develop at least mild peripheral neuropathy which is usually reversible (but not always) if doses are decreased or the offending drugs are stopped. 3TC is associated with peripheral neuropathy to a much less degree. Most of the other drugs including all drugs from the other two classes (non-nukes and protease inhibitors) have very low rates of peripheral neuropathy. These days with the regimens in wide use, peripheral neuropathy is seen less frequently (perhaps 5-10% over the first several years ). KH
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