The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter 
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
Ask the Experts About

Safe Sex and HIV PreventionSafe Sex and HIV Prevention
Rollover images to visit our other forums!
Recent AnswersAsk a Question
  • Email Email
  • Glossary Glossary

Urine HIV Antibody Tests

Jun 8, 1998

What are the details about the urine test mentioned on CNN


Response from Mr. Sowadsky

Thank you for your question.

In regard to HIV antibody tests, the first tests that became available used blood. More recently, antibody tests using saliva became available (known as Orasure). Now, a new antibody test is available using urine. All of the antibody tests (blood, saliva, and urine) use the ELISA and Western Blot techniques, and are subject to the same 6 month window period in order to get the most accurate result (see the posting How long do I have to wait until I get tested?, for more information).

The main advantage of the urine tests (and the saliva tests for that matter) is that needles are not necessary to collect a specimen. Therefore, if a person is a hemophiliac, or if a person has veins that are difficult to collect blood from, the urine and saliva tests are good alternatives to the blood tests. The urine and saliva tests are also good alternatives for people who do not like getting stuck with a needle, for blood tests.

The accuracy of the urine antibody test is similar to that of the blood and saliva antibody tests. The urine antibody test can only be done through your doctor. It is not available for home use. I do not know what the approximate cost of the urine test will be.

Urine and saliva both contain extremely low concentrations of HIV, and are therefore low risk body fluids. However, both urine and saliva have antibodies to HIV in them. So although both urine and saliva pose a low risk in terms of the transmission of HIV, we can still use either of these body fluids to see if a person is infected or not, by looking for antibodies in them.

If you have any further questions, please feel free to call the Centers for Disease Control at 1.800.232.4636 (Nationwide).

Drug use and antibody tests
How fast can you get test results? How much do tests cost?

  • Email Email
  • Glossary Glossary

 Get Email Notifications When This Forum Updates or Subscribe With RSS



This forum is designed for educational purposes only, and experts are not rendering medical, mental health, legal or other professional advice or services. If you have or suspect you may have a medical, mental health, legal or other problem that requires advice, consult your own caregiver, attorney or other qualified professional.

Experts appearing on this page are independent and are solely responsible for editing and fact-checking their material. Neither nor any advertiser is the publisher or speaker of posted visitors' questions or the experts' material.

Review our complete terms of use and copyright notice.

Powered by ExpertViewpoint