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Question #1: Statistics on Teens Living with AIDS Question #2: Female to Male?

Mar 18, 1997

Please tell me the current percentage or number of teens in the U.S. who are living with HIV/AIDS. What is the percentage of teens who were infected with HIV through hetersexual sex, homosexual sex and IV drug use. Any information would be helpful.

In a previous answer to a question you stated "For 1995 and 1996 alone, that number increased to 12% of all AIDS cases in those years. So the rate of new heterosexual cases is rising over the years." What ratio is it male to female vs. female to male.

Response from Mr. Sowadsky

Hi. Thank you for your questions.

The statistics you are both looking for are available here on the Internet. Go to the following website:

This will take you to the CDC HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report. This report is updated roughly every 6 months.

For statistics involving teenagers, and people living with HIV, go to the tables entitled:

"AIDS Cases in Adolescents and Adults Under age 25...."

"HIV Infection Cases (not AIDS) in Adolescents And Adults Under Age 25......."

"Persons Reported To be Living with HIV Infection (not AIDS), and with AIDS........".

These tables list the cases of HIV and AIDS diagnosed in teens (ages 13-19) and their risk factors for infection. Remember that many adults diagnosed with AIDS in their 20's and even their 30's, may have become infected with HIV as teenagers. So you may want to also look at the tables for risk factors in adults as well.

Statistics for HIV (not AIDS) are not fully accurate, since many states do not have HIV reporting, therefore HIV data are incomplete.

The table listing the number of people living with HIV/AIDS are for both children and adults, but not teens alone.

Many of the tables in this report compare male vs. female infections. It's important to read these tables carefully, since some of the data is cumulative (all years combined), and some of the data is just for the last year (incidence). As I mentioned above, HIV (not AIDS) data are incomplete and under-reported, since not all states have HIV reporting. Therefore, interpretation of HIV data in this report must be made with great caution, since this HIV data is significantly under-reported. Remember that risk factors for AIDS tell us how people became infected an average of 10 years ago. HIV data tell us how people are becoming infected today.

There were 71,704 cases of AIDS in adults/adolescents (ages 13 and older) diagnosed during the period July 1995 to June 1996. 12% of these cases were infected through heterosexual sex. Of these 71,704 AIDS cases, there were 57,708 cases in adult/adolescent men. 5% of these men became infected through heterosexual sex. There were 13,996 cases of AIDS in adult/adolescent women in this same time period, and 40% of these women became infected through heterosexual sex. However, remember that these AIDS cases became infected an average of 10 years prior to diagnosis. These percentages have increased over the years. Unfortunately, due to under-reporting of HIV data, we cannot give you a good statistic as to the percentages of transmission rates as they are occuring today.

Remember that these are raw statistics, and statistics can be easily misinterpreted. For more information about the trends of recent HIV/AIDS cases, you may wish to read the following report. You may be able to find this report on the CDC website:

Update: Trends in AIDS Incidence, Deaths, and Prevalence

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