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Can HIV be contracted through artificial insemenation?

Apr 1, 1997

My question is: As stated above, Can HIV be contracted through artificial insemenation? I have a friend who is dating a man with HIV, she wants to possibly marry this person and wanted to know if HIV is transfered through the semen. In other words, if she was to be artificially insemenated with his sperm, would the baby have HIV?

Response from Mr. Sowadsky

Hi. Thank you for your question.

HIV can be transmitted through artificial insemination. This is because semen contains high concentrations of HIV. In fact, most facilities doing artificial insemination, will not do this procedure without first testing the sperm donor for HIV. This is to ensure that the woman (and possibly her baby as well) does not become infected with HIV. Many facilities will also test for other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) as well. Before having this procedure done, anyone considering artificial insemination should first talk with the facility, to find out what diseases they check for. If they do not check both the donor and the recipient for HIV/STD's, go to another facility that will.

There is an experimental procedure involving artificial insemination, where HIV may be removed from the semen. Please see the question, "washing semen of HIV in the lab" for further details about this experimental procedure.

If you have any further questions, please feel free to call the Centers for Disease Control at 1.800.232.4636 (Nationwide).

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