is this a risk for transmission?
Jun 23, 2014
What if someone manages to get a substantial amount of fresh blood or any hiv infected fluid on some food and then the food is wrapped up. Then, 2-3 minutes later, a second person with cuts and openings in lips and mouth consumed the food. Is this a risk for transmission? Would non exposure to oxygen due to the food being wrapped increase survivability outside the body and increase risk of transmission? In addition, what is the inoculum of hiv and other than hiv, are there other asymptomatic stds out there? Thank you.
Response from Ms. Southall
Hi You cannot get HIV from this situation. HIV once outside of the body begins to die and becomes unable to infect. Two things: HIV transmission can only occur when there is a direct and prolonged exposure to body fluids, semen, vaginal fluid, blood or mother to child through breast feeding. This most commonly occurs through unprotected vaginal or anal sex and sharing of needles. Casual contact, sharing utensils, drinking after someone, etc are not way for HIV transmission to occur. If you go to this link HIV101 it will take you to our page that talks about the ways in which HIV is and is not transmitted. Second: The risk of HIV transmission with oral sex is extremely low. It is even reasonable to state that for the person receiving oral sex (that is on whom oral sex is being performed) the risk of acquisition of the virus is practically zero. For the person placing his or her mouth on someone else's genitals, the risk may be slightly higher but still very very low. Theoretically, obvious cuts, wounds, sores, or infections in the mouth could raise this risk. But relatively speaking this is still considered to be a low-risk sexual activity as the mouth is not a hospitable place for the HIV virus. Please note that other sexually transmitted infections are readily spread via oral contact and you may need to be checked for these.
Be well and stay safe, Shannon
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