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mother to child transmission

Dec 11, 2012

Hi. what are chances of passing hiv to your baby at birth or when breasfeeding if you have a low viral load (not taking any medication or prevention of mother to child transmition. And what symptoms can u look for on an infected child and what can they live up to the age of 12 without showing any symptoms.

Response from Ms. Southall

Hi Wow this is intense question. 1st. The chances of perinatal (mother to child) transmission without medication throughout pregnancy is 1 in 4, or about 25% chance of infection. With medication that number is dramatically reduced to less than 1%. Breastfeeding is never recommended for a positive mom, but if you were to choose to do so the child will have a large risk of becoming infected. Yes have a low viral load decreases the chances, but it does not take away the risk. We KNOW that if a mom is on medication during her pregnancy the chances of the child being born are almost non existent.

As for how long someone can live or how soon symptoms take to start showing, everyone is different. Some people will develop symptoms sooner where others much later.

We know how to prevent the transmission both for mother to child as well as all of the other risk factors. If someone is considering pregnancy who is living with HIV should have an in depth conversation with their health care provider. This to ensure that everyone stays as healthy as they can and to prevent transmission.

Be well and stay safe, Shannon

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