|Students Need Help Again! FINALS!!
Mar 12, 2009
Hey Dr. Bob! It's the students again! Yes, the ones that project your website on the big white screen in class! We are almost due for finals on monday and have ONE last question for you. The professor said if you answer this one, that he will put in on the test and we would know the answer! So plllllease help us, we will gather money from students to donate to the "The Robert James Franscino AIDS Foundation"!
A person has an exposure to HIV through sexual contact and blood is involved, and 2 years later takes a few rapid HIV tests and they all comes out NEGATIVE. Years later the same person who tested NEGATIVE turns up positive later in life. Would the negative tests this person took be valid (considering more than 1 test were taken so unlikely that all would be false negatives), and the positive test is because of ANOTHER exposure? Not the sexual blood exposure? Would that incident of the blood exposure be null and void considering all tests taken?
*These are all pulled from questions students have, and the professor re-writes them as a hypothetical question. So many students worry about dormancy and our professor said "dormancy" is just usually the window period.
Please help some stressed out students during finals!! WE LOVE YOU!
| Response from Dr. Frascino
So who exactly is teaching this class of yours, the professor or Dr. Bob in absentia? I'm wondering if I'll be asked to grad your exam papers next.
Regarding your question, first of all there is no such thing as HIV dormancy. Once HIV gains access to new victims it goes to work infecting target cells and replicating itself. See below. The window period refers to the period between infection and formation of detectable levels of anti-HIV antibodies in the bloodstream. This period is generally defined as the three-month period following HIV primary infection.
Now that we've cleared that up, on to your test question!
I would consider "a few" negative rapid tests two years after an HIV exposure to be definitive and conclusive. If that same individual turns up positive later in life, it would be due to another HIV exposure.
I'm expecting you all to get very high grades on your test, OK? Good luck.
How long can HIV lay dormant in the body? Dec 27, 2008
My partner and I are living out of the USA and have been together for almost 30 years. For the last 10 years as part of our regular physicals we have been checked for HIV and have come up negative each time. Now he has turned up positive and says he has not been with anyone else. The doctors here say that it is possible that he has had the virus in his system since before we met and has now only become detectable as he has been suffering from depression, is drinking more than before and his immune system has become compromised. I have no reason to doubt him but I am concerned that the testing, advice and care here in a third world country are not dependable. I have been tested and retested since his results and have come back negative although i am the passive partner. It was even suggested i get a PCR test where they go to the nucleus of the cell and that came back negative. Is it really possible to carry the HIV for that long before becoming positive?
Response from Dr. Frascino
I do not agree with the information you were given. There is no such thing as "dormant HIV." See below. Also, it is inconceivable that your partner would have HIV for 30 years and, have multiple negative HIV tests over the past 10 years and then test HIV positive due to depression, drinking and a compromised immune system. HIV just doesn't work that way! The only two scientific (and logical) possibilities for your partner's positive HIV test are:
1. Your partner's positive HIV test is a "false positive." He should have the test repeated to rule out this possibility.
2. Your partner has been exposed sometime recently.
Good luck to you both.
Gay club and laying dormant? (DORMANT VIRUS) Dec 27, 2008
I french kissed this really hot gay dancer (I'm a straight women) for a few seconds about 2 years ago. My friend told me this person has hiv. We were dancing and he was sweating. Is the french kiss/and sweaty dancing a risk? I worry if the kiss had small amount of blood from maybe if he had a cut. I don't really know beause I had a lot to drink.
I just recently got 3 oral swab rapid tests, 3 finger prick rapid tests, 1 elisa and 1 dna pcr test and all were negative. Keep in mind all these tests were done about 2 years after ocurance. Should I still worry about laying dormant? What does dormant mean? Would the tests still show neg/pos if it was dormant? I always thought dormant just meant you won't have symptoms, yet tests would come out pos if you were infected.
Is my french kiss episode a risk?? Are my tests FULLY accurate and I can move on?
I just sent a donation, as well as my best friend. We think you are so adorable! :)
Response from Dr. Frascino
Three quick points:
1. Your HIV acquisition from a two-second kiss and some dirty dancing (no matter how sweaty) is essentially nonexistent. (See below.)
2. Your seven negative HIV-antibody tests and undetectable DNA PCR are definitive and conclusive. HIV is not your problem. No way. No how.
3. There is no such thing as "dormant HIV." (See below.)
Thank you for your donation to the Robert James Frascino AIDS Foundation (www.concertedeffort.org). It's warmly appreciated.
Be well. Stay well. Nol!
Dormant HIV Nov 30, 2007
I've heard that HIV can lay dormant in the body for up to ten years. Is there any truth to this?
Response from Dr. Frascino
No, that is not true. It may take up to ten years after primary infection for HIV/AIDS symptoms to become manifest; however, that doesn't mean HIV has been lying "dormant" all that time. HIV remains very active throughout this "clinically latent" (symptom-free) period. I can assure you HIV is anything but a sleeping beauty!
Dormant virus (NATURAL HISTORY) Feb 10, 2007
Dr. Frascino, I am a HIV health educater and feel I pretty much have a handle on HIV and how it works. One thing that disturbs me is that I constantly hear about how a person can be HIV positive but it can lay dormant for a year before it can be detected. In other words these people claim that it could be months after exposure and the virus not be detected. Now I know the window period and I know how the test works. The alarming thing is I had a COLLEGE student tell me that this is what he heard in a college health course from the teacher. Please tell me I'm not missing something here. I'm thinking they are getting it mixed up with time of exposure to when one might actually start getting sick but they are talking about the virus not being detectable up to a whole year! Again, help me out here.
Response from Dr. Frascino
No, you are not missing something. The natural history of untreated HIV infection is as follows: Viral transmission followed 2-3 weeks later by acute retroviral syndrome, which can last 2-3 weeks, followed by recovery and seroconversion over the next 2-4 weeks. This is then followed by an asymptomatic period of chronic HIV infection that can last, on average, 8-9 years. Following this, patients usually develop symptomatic HIV infection/AIDS. And, if left untreated, will succumb to their infection within 1-2 years thereafter.
I don't know whether the college health course was dispensing incorrect information or if the particular college student you talked to misinterpreted what he was told. (Did he happen to flunk the course???) At any rate, you can set the record straight now.
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