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Can elisa test in US detect HIV subtype

Nov 30, 2002

Thanks you for the service. Appreciate if you please let me know " can ELISA test in US detect HIV SUBTYPE "C" which is very common in INDIA ?

This i am asking because, i had sexual exposer in india few years back and recently my elisa result came negative in US. Thanks

Response from Mr. Kull

HIV is divided into two major types, HIV-1 and HIV-2. The vast majority of infections in the world are caused by HIV-1. HIV-2 is endemic in the west coast of Africa. HIV-1 is divided into groups (M, N, O) and the M group is further divided into subtypes or clades (A through J). The majority of people in the world are infected with M group HIV-1, and antibody tests are highly accurate in detecting infection in this category.

This all has little implication for the public in terms of antibody testing, as HIV-1 tests are fine tuned to detect all groups and subtypes of HIV-1, especially those in the M group.


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