|Infection by person on Meds
Apr 27, 2006
What would happen if someone is infected with HIV by a person who is on HIV medications? Would this mean that the virus would then become drug resistant when it infects the other person?
Response from Dr. Sherer
Around 10% of recently infected people in the US are infected with a strain of HIV that is resistant to one or more medications, so yes, this is possible when one person is infected by another who is on HIV medications. It is not inevitable, but it certainly can occur.
Effective HIV therapy, i.e. that reduces a person's virus load to below detection, is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of transmitting the virus to another person - but that risk is not zero. There have been documented instances of transmission from people with an undetectable viral load.
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