the medical difference between HIV and AIDS
Mar 26, 2003
what is the medical difference between HIV and AIDS?
Response from Dr. Horwath
The term HIV is used to refer to the virus (HIV-1) that causes AIDS. Persons who are infected with the virus may remain healthy for some time after the initial infection. In fact, the average time between the initial infection and developing clinical symptoms is ten years (in untreated persons).
AIDS is the term used for the illness that is caused by the HIV virus. The diagnosis of AIDS is made when a person develops one of the AIDS indicator conditions, ie. common opportunistic infections (PCP, TB, MAI, toxoplasmosis, cryptococcal meningits, etc.) or neoplasms (Kaposi's sarcoma, lymphoma, etc.) or a CD4 count < 200.
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