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can initial infection be determined by first lab results?
Aug 31, 2013

Hello, my first labs results were CD4-750 and VL-1000. Does the low viral load and high cd4 count mean I had just been infected? Thank you.

Response from Dr. Young

Hi and thanks for posting.

It's basically impossible to determine when you were infected by just using a CD4 count and viral load test. People who are acutely infected can be detected by either using a detuned antibody test or by having a negative antibody test and positive HIV viral load (or viral antigen).

Usually people with acute HIV also have very, very high viral loads- often in excess of 500,000.

Overall though, I'd guess that you're not recently infected (within the past 3 months), but I"m unable to estimate more than that.

Be well, BY



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