testing for N or O
Apr 29, 2009
hi doc, Is there a reliable screening test for HIV group N or O? Need help to rule out hiv 0 or N. how should i test for it. also is there a pcr test that would pick it up. thank you. from connectiuct
Response from Dr. McGowan
Thanks for yuor question.
Most infections with HIV in the US are with HIV type 1, Group M (for major), subtype b. However, there have been rare cases of Group O (for "outlier"), and much more rarely Group N (for "new"). Group O viruses have been reported in patients from West and Central Africa (Cameroon, Gabon, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Togo). Group N cases have been almost exclusively from Cameroon. Group O cases can be diagnosed with most current ELISA tests, but antibody titers may be variable. I have not seen results from any commercially available test kit for Group N infections. If a person had exposures that would have put them at risk for group O or N infection the best way to establish a diagnosis would be to work through your local Health Department.
Get Email Notifications When This Forum Updates or Subscribe With RSS
This forum is designed for educational purposes only, and experts are not rendering medical, mental health, legal or other professional advice or services. If you have or suspect you may have a medical, mental health, legal or other problem that requires advice, consult your own caregiver, attorney or other qualified professional.
Experts appearing on this page are independent and are solely responsible for editing and fact-checking their material. Neither TheBody.com nor any advertiser is the publisher or speaker of posted visitors' questions or the experts' material.