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Have I started to become resistant to medications

Nov 29, 2002

I had been on Epivir, Norvir, and Zerit for 5 years and had remain undetectable with a CD4> 700 without any opportunistic infections. My doctor put me on a medication holiday for 45 days from Sep 1 2002 to Oct 14 2002, then simplified my medications to Viread, Epivir and Sustiva once daily, my CD4 dropped from 25 to 17 and my HIV-1 RNA Quantitative is 189 from <50. I am wondering have I mutated or have I not waited long enough to recieve the effects of the new medications?

Response from Dr. Boyle

Either is possible and you should be carefully monitored. My conclusions are somewhat limited since you don't provide a lot of information but since you've only been back on meds for a little over a month, it may be that you are headed back toward <50, or if you have already gotten there that this is a "blip", or that you are experiencing the start of "failure". You will know better what's happening when the viral load is repeated, and that should occur pretty soon. On another issue, since you had been on Epivir (lamivudine) for 5 years, and it is possible to develop Epivir resistance and remain undetectable, I probably would have selected another drug for a once daily regimen, expecially since you are now on 3 drugs with high-grade resistance if one significant mutation develops: Sustiva (K103N), Epivir (M184V), Viread (K65R). If you're not <50 on the next viral load, I would consider resistance testing (if high enough), and also consider a drug change/intensification as appropriate.

Zerit and lipodystrophy

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