|blood splash in eye
Mar 17, 2002
blood splash in eye from an advanced AIDS person, what are chances of contacting HIV/AIDS?
| Response from Dr. Pavia
There is a fair bit of information on what makes a needle stick risky. The things that increase the risk, beyond the average risk of about 1 in 400 are: Patient with high viral load or advanced AIDS, volume of blood and type and depth of exposure.
There is very little real data on splashes to mucous membranes, like the eye. In general, the risk is much lower than for a needle stick. However, if the splash is from a person with advanced HIV, the risk increases. You should get expert consultation, and should consider going on antiviral therapy for one month to help protect against infection. Knowing the antiviral drug use history of the source patient can help select the best choice of drugs. You can also check out the guidelines for prevention of occupational infection from CDC at the link below
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