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AIDS versus HIV+

Sep 8, 2002

Dear Expertises,

What is the difference between AIDS and HIV+? Is T cells and viral load count? Which viral load causes a decrease rate near 100 T cells per year? The values to reach AIDS is individual carachteristcs or there are a range for T cells and viral load? Which are the symtoms to detect that HIV+ has AIDS? How the doctors diagnosis AIDS in HIV+ ? Thanks for your help.

Response from Dr. Holodniy

By definition, AIDS is a CD4 count of < 200 or < 14%, regardless of the viral load level. It is hard to calculate a certain viral load that will lead to a specific CD4 decline. In addition, AIDS defining illnesses such as pneumocystis pneumonia are relatively straight forward to diagnose.

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