The Body: The Complete HIV/AIDS Resource
Follow Us Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter 
Professionals >> Visit The Body PROThe Body en Espanol
Ask the Experts About

Opportunistic InfectionsOpportunistic Infections
Rollover images to visit our other forums!
  • Email Email
  • Glossary Glossary

Aug 18, 2003

What is the treatment of neurocyctocercisis? What is the pathology and the mechanism with which it effects us? Is it common in which people?

Response from Dr. Pierone

Neurocystercercosis refers to brain infection with the larval stage of the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium). This infection is the most common parasitic brain infection worldwide and is fairly common in rural areas in South America, sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia where there is coexistence of pigs and humans in suboptimal hygienic conditions. Infection results when humans ingest food contaminated with eggs of the pork tapeworm.

Treatment of neurocystercercosis is generally with albendazole (Albenza) or praziquantal (Biltricide). Corticosteroids are generally administered as well to reduce the brain inflammation that may occur when treatment is started. Sometimes surgery is necessary for large brain cysts that are blocking the ventricular system in the brain. Seizures are one of the main complications of this condition, so anti-seizure medication is often necessary as well.

I did find some cases of HIV-infected patients with neurocystercercosis in the medical literature and one report suggested rapid progression in one person with HIV-infected, but incidental infection noted for others.

The link below shows an MRI scan of neurocystercercosis (white circle).


guidance appreciated
Life Expectancy

  • Email Email
  • Glossary Glossary



This forum is designed for educational purposes only, and experts are not rendering medical, mental health, legal or other professional advice or services. If you have or suspect you may have a medical, mental health, legal or other problem that requires advice, consult your own caregiver, attorney or other qualified professional.

Experts appearing on this page are independent and are solely responsible for editing and fact-checking their material. Neither nor any advertiser is the publisher or speaker of posted visitors' questions or the experts' material.

Review our complete terms of use and copyright notice.

Powered by ExpertViewpoint