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Hepatitis and HIV CoinfectionHepatitis and HIV Coinfection
           
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how is hepatitis contracted
Jun 16, 2000

How are the three strains of hepatitis contracted of people?

Response from Dr. Dieterich

Hepatitis A is transmitted by mouth. It has to be swallowed, so that it is usually transmitted by food, although oral anal sex is another way to get it. Hepatitis B is transmitted through sex and blood, but most commonly sex. Worldwide the most common transmission method of hepatitis B is from mother to child at birth. This can be prevented by vaccinated the child at the time of birth, if the health care team is aware of the mother's hepatitis B. Both hepatitis A and B can be prevented by getting the vaccine. Hepatitis C is usually spread by blood, the most common way is through shared needles used for drug abuse. However in the past transfusions and reused needles in foreign countries often were at fault. Other risks for hepatitis C are tattoos, body piercing and intranasal cocaine. The risk of sexual transmission of hepatitis C is low except if people have sexually transmitted diseases as well or HIV. DTD



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