HBs Ag Elisa-Positive & HIV Connection
Dec 1, 2007
Hi, I am 31 year old male & was tested 'Reactive' HBs Ag Elisa with Sample OD value at 3.096 where the Cut off is 0.076. I had protected sex though i got my partner to perform oral sex on me without any protection.
1.Do i have a chance of contracting HIV. 2. What are all the possible ways of contracting Hepatitis B. 3. Is there a risk of me being HIV positive. Regards
Response from Dr. McGovern
Hepatitis B is easily transmitted through sex, particulary anal sex which has the highest risk due to trauma and blood exposure. It is the exposure to blood to blood that causes hepatitis B to be transmitted from person to person. It is also transmitted through injection drug use, dialysis, transplanted organs (rarely) and perinatally from HBV infected mothers to their children.
You should have further testing for HBV to determine if you were recently infected or chronically infected. I would also get Hepatitis A vaccine.
There are several viruses - like HBV and HIV - that have been isolated in saliva. However, proven cases of HBV are hard to find and there are also few of HIV as well. The reason this does not occur frequently may be related to many factors, such as low levels of virus in saliva, few target cells for infection, high protective IgA antibodies in saliva, to mention a few.
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