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Hepatitis and HIV CoinfectionHepatitis and HIV Coinfection
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Nov 21, 2004

What are the different types of hepatitis and how does one get these diseases/disorders?

Response from Dr. McGovern

Hepatitis A is spread from contaminated food usually. It causes an infection that eventually clears and does not cause long term disease.

Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are spread by contact with infected blood. With hepatitis C the most common routes are injection drug use; with hepatitis B the most common routes are injection drug use and sexual transmission. Hepatitis C can also be spread by sexual transmission but this is much less common than with hepatitis B which can be easily transmitted sexually.

Both hepatitis B and hepatitis C can cause chronic disease. About 5 percent of patients infected with hepatitis B become chronically infected; about 75-80% of patients with hepatitis C become chronically infected. These patients with chronic infection can develop advanced liver disease, especially in the setting of alcohol use. Dr. McGovern

not sure on my test results please help me
could i be infected?

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