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Co-infection, HIV and HBV
May 16, 2004

If a patient co-infected with HIV and HBV, is doing extremely well on d4T, 3TC and nevirapine and has been for the past six years, should there be a concern about liver damage with nevirapine? He gets thorough check-ups at an HIV/AIDS clinic every three months.

Response from Dr. McGovern

Your question is an excellent one. There are a few issues which need to be considered.

First, you should speak with your provider to learn more about your hepatitis B. Are you truly chronically infected? Is there evidence for ongoing hepatitis B virus in your blood? I ask that because although 3TC is a good drug for hepatitis B, resistance usually emerges after four years of treatment.

The other important thing is that you are getting good medical follow-up on a regular basis which is terrific. It is important to know that your liver function tests are normal. If not, then you may want to ask your provider if a liver biopsy should be considered, especially if you have hepatitis B virus in your bloodstream.

Finally, it is important to be aware that if a medication causes liver toxicity, symptoms of this complication can be nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite and right upper quadrant pain in your belly. If these symptoms occur, go for blood tests and don't wait three months for your next visit. Dr. McGovern

Acute Hepatitis B
Hepatitis A (Reactive)

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