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Seroconversion in infants
Sep 25, 2000

If an infant were to be exposed to HIV via contaminated needle, would the infant seroconvert by 3 months like in adults or do they take longer? What symptoms if any do infants show while seroconverting? Thank you

Response from Dr. Luzuriaga

In contrast to adults, most infants do not show many symptoms during acute HIV infection. Most infants should be able to make antibodies (seroconvert) within 3 months of infection.

Any infant who is potentially exposed to HIV by exposure to a contaminated needle should be evaluated by a health care professional. Methods for detecting HIV that are more sensitive than antibodies are available and can be used if the exposure is significant. In addition, antiviral prophylaxis is sometimes recommended in situations in which the exposure is felt to be significant.


Katherine Luzuriaga, M.D.

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